Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

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When Preparing Manuscript:

Structure: Manuscript should be prepared in the following order: title page, abstract, keywords, main text introduction, literature review (if any), conceptual framework and hypotheses (if any), methods, results, discussion and implication, acknowledgments, references.

Word Limits: Manuscripts are expected to be 6000-12,000 words in length but excluding tables, figures and the end notes (no foot notes). Please contact the Managing Editor if your paper exceeds the above limit.

Title page: The title page of the paper with authors’ information should be separated from the main paper. On the title page, include author’s name, academic or professional title, institutional affiliation, postal address and e-mail address. Also include a brief author’s bio of not more than 100 words, postal address and a contact email.

Font: Manuscripts submitted for peer review must be typed in double-line spacing with 12- point font size (Times New Roman). Use margins of at least 2.5 cm (or 1 inch).

Title: Titles should be brief (no more than 15 words). Use bold for your article title, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.

Abstract: Manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract not exceeding 250 words (use single space and italic). Include a heading (“Abstract”) with 10-point font size.

Keywords: Up to six keywords (reflecting the major themes of the paper) should follow the abstract.

Headings: First-level headings (e.g., Introduction, Method) should be brief and boldfaced with an

initial capital letter. Second-level headings boldfaced italics with an initial capital letter. Third-level

headings should be in italics (no bold) with an initial capital letter. Fourth-level headings should be

in bold italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text follows immediately after a period

punctuation mark.

Quotation: Quotations exceeding 50 words should be indented further into the text. If dates are

cited, use it in the form of 18 August 2010.

Tables and Figures: All tables and figures should have short, descriptive titles. Notes for tables

and its source should be placed below the tables. Use of color in tables and figures should be avoided (unless it is absolutely necessary). Further explanations

to key points may be used and indicated by superscript numbers in the text and annotated on

a single page at the end of the text in the form of endnotes.

Style: IJBAS uses the Harvard style referencing.

Citing in the text: Include the author’s last name followed by a comma and publication year enclosed in parentheses. For example, (Bloggs, 2008), (Bloggs and Kay, 2008)

– Use “et al.” when citing a work by more than three authors, e.g., (Bloggs et al., 1993).

– The letters “a, b, c” etc. should be used to distinguish citations of different works by the same author in the same year, e.g., Bloggs (1995a, 1995b).

All references cited in the text should be listed alphabetically and presented in full after the endnotes, beginning with the author’s last name followed by first initial, period, publication year, period, title, volume(issue), page number. Italicize title of the publication. For example:

– Bloggs, J., (2012). Globalizing approaches to management education. International Journal of Business and Applied Sciences, 6(2), pp. 19-43.

For more information about Harvard style referencing, please visit:
When Submitting Your Manuscript:
Submit your manuscript via email to Dr. Yam B. Limbu, Editor-In-Chief at and
Manuscripts should be submitted in MS Word format.
General Information:
The manuscript submitted to IJBAS will be double blind peer reviewed by independent,

Anonymous expert referees. Authors will be notified of acceptance or rejection or suggestions for improvements or changes within 40 days of receipt of the paper.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures and related works published elsewhere. Articles under review for publication elsewhere or previously published are not eligible for consideration.

IJBAS does not charge fees for submission, processing, and publication of manuscripts. Published articles are made freely available on the journal’s website. Hard copies of IJBAS will be available at cost. Please contact the Managing Editor if you like to order hard copies.

Ethical Guidelines for Authors

Content: All authors must declare that they have read and agreed to the content of the submitted manuscript.

Ethics: Manuscripts may be rejected by the Editor-In-Chief if it is felt that the work was not carried out within an ethical framework. The editorial board of the journal adheres to the principles outlined by COPE – Committee on Publication Ethics. Authors who are concerned about the editorial process may refer to COPE.

Competing interests: Authors must declare all potential competing interests involving people or organizations that might reasonably be perceived as relevant.

Plagiarism: Plagiarism in any form constitutes a serious violation of the most basic principles of scholarship and cannot be tolerated. Examples of plagiarism include:

  • Word-for-word copying of portions of another’s writing without enclosing the copied passage in quotation marks and acknowledging the source in the appropriate scholarly convention.
  • The use of a particularly unique term or concept that one has come across in reading without acknowledging the author or source.
  • The paraphrasing or abbreviated restatement of someone else’s ideas without acknowledging that another person’s text has been the basis for the paraphrasing.
  • False citation: material should not be attributed to a source from which it has not been obtained.
  • False data: data that has been fabricated or altered in a laboratory or experiment; although not literally plagiarism, this is clearly a form of academic fraud.
  • Unacknowledged multiple submission of a paper for several purposes without prior approval from the parties involved.
  • Unacknowledged multiple authors or collaboration: the contributions of each author or collaborator should be made clear.
  • Self-plagiarism/double submission: the submission of the same or a very similar paper to two or more publications at the same time.


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